What Is Meant By Tashkent Agreement

The Tashkent Declaration was a peace agreement between India and Pakistan to resolve the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 (August 5, 1965 – September 23, 1965). It was signed in Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan, which in turn was part of one of the republics that made up the USSR. The main objective was to re-establish economic and diplomatic relations in the respective countries, to stay away from each other`s internal and external affairs and to work for the progress of bilateral relations. The Tashkent Declaration was a peace agreement between India and Pakistan signed on January 10, 1966, which resolved the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. Peace was urgently achieved on 23 September thanks to the intervention of external powers, which urged the two countries to a ceasefire, fearing that the conflict would intensify and attract other powers. [1] [2] The declaration at the time concluded only the hostilities between India and Pakistan, but it still left the Kashmir issue open between the two, with neither side being able to reach an agreement to date. The First Indo-Pakistani War, also known as the First Kashmir War (22 October 1947 – 5 January 1949), took place shortly after the independence of India and Pakistan. A ceasefire agreement led to the establishment of the Line of Control (LOC) as the de facto border between India and Pakistan in Kashmir. In accordance with the Tashkent Declaration, talks were held at the ministerial level on 1 and 2 March 1966.

Despite the fact that these talks were unproductive, diplomatic exchanges continued throughout the spring and summer. No results were achieved from these talks because there were differences of opinion on the Kashmir issue. The news of the Tashkent declaration shocked the People of Pakistan, who expected more concessions from India than they received. Things deteriorated further when Ayub Khan declined to comment and isolated himself instead of announcing the reasons for signing the agreement. Protests and riots broke out in various parts of Pakistan. [3] To appease the anger and concerns of the people, Ayub Khan decided to take the matter to the people on January 14, 1966, addressing the nation. It was the divergence over the Tashkent Declaration that ultimately led to the removal of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto from Ayub`s government, who later founded his own party called the Pakistan People`s Party. Although Ayub Khan was able to satisfy the concerns of the people, the Tashkent declaration severely damaged his image and was one of the factors that led to his overthrow. [8] The agreement was negotiated by Soviet Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin, who had invited the parties to Tashkent. The parties agreed to withdraw all armed forces from positions occupied before 5 August 1965; the re-establishment of diplomatic relations; and to discuss economic, refugee and other issues. The deal has been criticized in India for not containing a non-war pact or a renunciation of guerrilla aggression in Kashmir. In India too, the people criticized this agreement because the Pakistani president and the Indian prime minister did not sign a pact on guerrilla warfare in Kashmir.

After the day of this statement, Prime Minister Lal Bahadur died of a sudden heart attack. After him, no one accepted this statement and it was ignored by the next government. VI The Prime Minister of India and the President of Pakistan agreed to consider measures to restore economic and trade relations, communication and cultural exchanges between India and Pakistan and to take measures to implement the existing agreements between India and Pakistan. .

Comments are closed.