Global Agreement And Cop Meeting

The Paris Agreement is the first legally binding universal global agreement on climate change adopted at the Paris Climate Change Conference (COP21) in December 2015. Around the world, 600,000 people took part in demonstrations in support of a strong agreement, such as the Global Climate March, organized by 350.org (and other events such as Alternatiba, village of alternatives). Paris has been banned from public gatherings in the wake of the recent terrorist attacks (state of emergency), but allowed thousands of people to demonstrate on 12 December against what they consider too weak a treaty. [57] An illegal demonstration was also held in Paris, during which violent clashes broke out between police and anarchists, 10 police officers were injured and 317 people arrested. [58] [59] The meeting will mark a decisive step in the negotiations on the future international agreement on a post-2020 settlement and will adopt, as agreed in Durban, the outlines of the regulation. At the end of the meeting, for the first time in more than 20 years of UN negotiations, all the world`s nations, including major emitters of greenhouse gases, will be linked to a universal climate agreement. In order to allow the 2020 agreement to enter into force at the end of the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, subsequent COP meetings will work to finalize it. The presidency of the COP plays a crucial role, not only in the co-presidency itself (actually, a series of meetings held in parallel over a two-week period), but also in organizing a series of preparatory meetings for the COP. A series of preparatory meetings for COP21 took place, including the Bonn climate change conference from 19 to 23 October 2015, at which a draft agreement was presented. [10] President Obama emphasized America`s critical role in this regard: “We have set an example. .

. . from Alaska to the Great Plains to the Gulf Coast, we`ve seen the longest run of private jobs in our history. We have pushed our economic performance to all levels of time and, at the same time, we have pushed our coal pollution to its lowest level in almost twenty years. And then, with our historic joint announcement with China last year, we showed that it was possible to bridge the old gap between developed and developing countries, which had so long held back global progress […] It was the basis of Paris` success. [21] Harvard University has published a case study on one aspect of the negotiations, which focused on forest protection. [22] However, for some activists, markets are a scam that should allow rich countries to get away with the continued burning of fossil fuels, while paying poor countries for cleanup. “We don`t have the luxury of talking about CO2 offsets, we now need absolute emission reductions. Compensation is unacceptable given the scale and pace of emissions reductions required and we will oppose the creation of a new global carbon market,” said Juan Pablo Osornio of Greenpeace. On 12 December 2015, the 196 participating countries agreed on the final global pact,[23] the Paris Agreement, to reduce emissions under the method of reducing greenhouse gases. In the 12-language document[3], members agreed to reduce their carbon emissions “as soon as possible” and do their best to keep global warming “at a level well below 2 degrees Celsius.” [24] During the debates, the Pacific Island States, seychelles, but also the Philippines, whose existence was threatened by rising sea levels, had strongly voted in favour of setting a target of 1.5oC instead of only 2oC.

[25] [26] French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said the “ambitious and balanced” plan was a “historic turning point” in the goal of reducing global warming. [27] However, others criticized the fact that important sections were “promises” or objectives and that they were not firm commitments on the part of countries. [28] The