The Paris Agreement On Climate Change Was Done In Paris In The Year

The Paris Agreement, marked by the historic agreement once adopted, owes its success not only to the return of a framework favourable to climate change and sustainable development, but also to efforts to review the management of international climate negotiations. The Paris Agreement is supported by new initiatives that will all be adapted to the difficulties identified at the previous COP. This innovative approach is based on four elements: the adoption of a universal agreement. Define each state`s national contributions to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Although the text of the agreement does not mention the content of these contributions, it obliges signatory states to establish a contribution plan, implement it and raise amounts every five years. Civil society`s participation in the negotiation process through the action programme adopted in November 2016, which brings together civil society initiatives from 180 countries. In 2015, members of civil society were appointed at a high level to facilitate civil society participation in the intergovernmental process. The financial commitment of developed countries to contribute up to $100 billion a year from 2020. This funding should give priority to the states most affected by the effects of climate change The agreement stated that it would only come into force (and therefore take full effect) if 55 countries responsible for at least 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions (according to a list drawn up in 2015) [65] ratify, approve or accede to the agreement. [66] [67] On April 1, 2016, the United States and China, which together account for nearly 40% of global emissions, issued a joint statement confirming that the two countries would sign the Paris climate agreement. [69] 175 contracting parties (174 states and the European Union) signed the agreement on the first day of its signing. [59] [70] On the same day, more than 20 countries announced plans to join the accession as soon as possible in 2016.

The ratification by the European Union has achieved a sufficient number of contracting parties to enter into force on 4 November 2016. More than half of the world`s population lives in cities, and the New United States predicts that this percentage will reach two-thirds of humanity by 2050. As a result, the way cities are currently fighting climate change will have a direct impact on the lives of billions of euros.